Phonics

Children in Reception and Key Stage 1 follow the synthetic phonics approach, using the ‘Letters and Sounds’ framework, which we deliver through the 'Floppy's Phonics Sounds and Letters scheme. It’s an approach to teaching phonics in which individual letters or letter sounds are blended to form groups of letters or sounds, and those groups are then blended to form complete words.


Letters and Sounds is divided into six phases, with each phase building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning. Children have time to practise and rapidly expand their ability to read and spell words. They are also taught to read and spell ‘tricky words’ – words with spellings that are unusual or that children have not yet been taught. These include the words ‘to’, ‘was’, ‘said’ and ‘the’ – you can’t really break the sounds down for such words so it’s better to just ‘recognise’ them.

Nursery Phonics


Phase one begins in the nursery. This phase paves the way for the systematic learning of phonics. During this phase especially, we plan activities that will help children to listen attentively to sounds around them, such as the sounds of their toys and to sounds in spoken language. We teach a wide range of nursery rhymes and songs and read good books to and with the children. This helps to increase the number of words they know – their vocabulary – and helps them talk confidently about books. The children learn to identify rhyme and alliteration.

Reception Phonics

In Reception, the children will follow the letters and sounds phase 2-4 activities and fun games, through a daily phonics session and daily activities using their new phonic skills. The emphasis is on children’s active participation. They learn to use their phonic knowledge for reading and writing activities and in their independent play.

Key Stage One Phonics

During Year 1 the children work through the whole of phase 5, revisiting phase 4 as necessary.
In Year 2 they consolidate phase 5, revisiting difficult areas indicated by teacher assessment and progress to phase 6 which is taught through the Read, Write Inc spelling programme.


Playing games on the computer can make learning phonics fun

Here are some of the terms you may come across in our phonics work:


vowels – the open sounds / letters of the alphabet: a,e,i,o and u

consonants – sounds/ letters of the alphabet that are not vowels.

blend – to merge individual sounds together to pronounce a word, e.g. s-n-a-p, blended together, reads snap

Segment - to separate a word to help spell it.

digraph – two letters making one sound, e.g. sh, ch, th, ph.

vowel digraphs – two vowels which, together, make one sound, e.g. ai, oo, ow

split digraph – two letters, split, making one sound, e.g. a-e as in make or i-e in site

grapheme – the written form of a letter

phoneme — the smallest single identifiable sound,

segment (vb) — to split up a word into its individual phonemes in order to spell it, e.g. the word 'cat' has three phonemes: /c/, /a/, /t/